The year started with the announcement that John F Kennedy would run for President.
There was fear of civil war breaking out in French controlled Algeria.
In Egypt President Nasser laid the foundation stone at the site of the Aswan High Dam.
In the UK the government announced a curb on the selling of pep-pills.
Also in the UK the BBC said it wanted a second TV Channel.
The National Association of broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.

Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
12 Indian soldiers die in clashes with Chinese troops at the border
The airship ZPG-3W is destroyed in a storm in Massachusetts
Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb in Sahara
Winter Olympics open in Squaw Valley, California.
Earthquake totally destroys Agadir, Morocco
In Greensboro, N.C., four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar non violent protests throughout the South, and six months later the original four protesters are served lunch at the same counter.

Elvis Presley returns home from Germany after being away on duty for 2 years.
Vietnam War: The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers are going to be sent to Vietnam.
Geneva Canton in Switzerland gives women the right to vote.
Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Afrikaner police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meets French President Charles De Gaulle in Paris.

The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1
First three female priests ordained in Sweden
Gunman attacks South African Prime Minister Verwoerd in Johannesburg and seriously wound him.
Eric Peugeot, youngest son of founder of Peugeot is kidnapped in Paris. Kidnappers release him a few days later in exchange for $300,000 ransom.
USA launches navigation satellite Transat Ib.
In Brazil, The Country's capital (Federal District) is shifted from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília. The Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara) is founded to succeed Rio de Janeiro as the Brazilian Federal District.
Togo gains independence from French administered UN trusteeship.

Soviet missile shoots down the US U2 spy plane; the pilot Gary Powers is captured
West German refugee minister Theodor Oberländer is fired because of his nazi past
Reproductive rights: The Food and Drug Administration approves sale of the birth control pill
The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus completes the first under water circumnavigation of the Earth
In Buenos Aires four Mossad agents abduct fugitive Nazi, Adolf Eichmann, who was using the assumed name "Ricardo Klement"
Sputnik 4 is launched into Earth orbit
Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology from US President Dwight D. Eisenhower for U-2 spy plane flights over the Soviet Union thus ending a Big Four summit in Paris
Theodore Maiman operates the first laser.
In Japan, police carry away socialist members of the Diet. Parliament then approves a security treaty with the USA
Great Chilean Earthquake: Chile's subduction fault ruptures from Talcahuano to Península de Taitao, loosing a tsunami and one of the greatest earthquakes on record
Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured
In Turkey, a bloodless military coup d'état removes President Celal Bayar and the government and invites General Cemal Gürsel as the head of state.

Typhoon Mary kills 1600 in Fukien province of China
Violent demonstrations in Tokyo University - police arrest 182 & 589 injured
BC Ferries, the second largest ferry operator in the world starts service between Tsawwassen and Swartz Bay.
Independence of Mali and Senegal
Japanese Prime Minister Kishi announces his resignation
Joseph Kasavubu elected the first president of independent Congo
Avro 748 first flight at Woodford, UK
British Somaliland gains independence from UK - 5 days later it united with the former Italian Somaliland to create the modern Somali Republic
Belgian Congo gains independence from Belgium. Civil war follows
The Mali Federation between Senegal and Sudanese Republic (modern-day Mali) gains independence from France

A Soviet MiG fighter north of Murmansk in the Barents Sea shot down a six-man RB-47. Two United States Air Force officers survived and were imprisoned in Moscow's dreaded Lubyanka prison
Following the admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state the previous year, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
The Soviet Union beat Yugoslavia 2-1 to win the first European Football Championship
Moise Tshombe declares the Congolese province of Katanga independent; he receives Belgian help
Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded
United Nations decides to send troops to Katanga to oversee Belgian troops withdrawal
Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world's first female head of government.
Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrives in New York aboard Gypsy Moth II,  he has made a record solo Atlantic crossing in 40 days

Burkina Faso declares independence from France
Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo, Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
In Congo, Albert Kalonji declares independence of Autonomous State of South Kasai
Côte d'Ivoire becomes independent.
Chad becomes independent.
Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom
Gabon gains independence from France
Trial of U-2 pilot Gary Powers begins in Moscow
Enovid, the first commercially produced oral contraceptive, is launched in Skokie, Illinois
Cold War: In Moscow, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage
Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 5 with the dogs Belka and Strelka (Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants. The spacecraft return to earth the next day and all animals are recovered safely.
Senegal breaks from the Mali federation, declaring independence.
1960 Summer Olympics open in Rome. USS Seadragon (SSN-584) surfaces at the north pole where the crew plays softball.
Hurricane Donna kills 50 in Florida-New England area

Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the history of the company (event lasted 2 days)
Cassius Clay wins the gold medal in boxing at the Rome Olympic Games.
Congo president Joseph Kasavubu fires Patrice Lumumba's government and places him under house arrest
In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July 1)
Colonel Joseph Mobutu takes power in Congo in a military coup
Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela form OPEC
The two leading US presidential candidates, Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy, participate in the first televised presidential debate.

White South Africans vote to make the country a republic.
Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a General Assembly of the United Nations meeting to protest discussion of Soviet Union policy toward Eastern Europe.
US presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea for the Peace Corps
Rocket explodes in Baikonur space center during fueling killing 91.
In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later took the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight


While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's Lover case.
U.S. presidential election, 1960: In a close race, John F. Kennedy is elected over Richard M. Nixon, becoming the youngest man elected to that office.
Sammy Davis, Jr. marries Swedish actress May Britt. Interracial marriage is still illegal in 31 US states out of 50.
The Polaris missile is test launched
United Nations supports government of Joseph Kasa Vubu and Joseph Mobutu in Congo
Mauritania becomes independent of France

Patrice Lumumba, the deposed premier of the Congo was arrested by troops of Col. Joseph Mobutu.
A 5-ton Soviet space ship containing animals, insects and plants was launched into orbit. The spacecraft burned up upon re-entry.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, talked with Pope John XXIII for about an hour in the Vatican. It was the first time in more than 500 years that a head of the Anglican church had visited the Pope.
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the use of $1M for the relief and resettlement of Cuban refugees in Florida. Cuban refugees have been arriving in Florida at the rate of 1,000 a week.
Admission to the United Nations of Mauritania was vetoed by the USSR.
Pierre Lagaillarde, who led 1958 and 1960 insurrections in Algeria, failed to appear in a Paris court. He was reported to have fled with 4 fellow defendants to Spain en route to Algeria.
French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria was marked by bloody riots by European and Muslim mobs in Algeria's largest cities, killing 127 people.
A Federal Court ruling that Louisiana's anti-integration laws were unconstitutional was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.
While the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia was on a visit to Brazil, an unsuccessful revolt against his rule is carried out by his Imperial Guard. The rebels proclaim the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen.
Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras found the Central American Common Market.
Antoine Gizenga proclaims in Stanleyville in the Congo that he has assumed the premiership.
King Mahendra of Nepal deposes the government and takes power into his own hands.
Royal wedding in Belgium: King Baudouin of Belgium marries Doña Fabiola de Mora y Aragon.
U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter announced that the United States would commit five atomic submarines and 80 Polaris missiles to NATO by the end of 1963.
The midair collision between a United Airlines DC-8 and a TWA Super-Constellation over New York City kills all 128 on both planes and 6 persons on the ground.
Troops loyal to Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia suppress the revolt that started on December 13 and give power back to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.
Fire sweeps through the USS Constellation, the U.S.'s largest aircraft carrier, while it is under construction at a Brooklyn Navy Yard pier, injuring 150 and killing 50.
Discoverer XIX is launched into polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base, to measure radiation.
France sets off its third nuclear test blast at its atomic proving grounds at Reggane, Algeria.

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